The 2018 elections will be the 11th since Independence in 1980. The consistency and steadfast timing of these elections suggest the existence of forms of advanced democracy enjoyed by a happy family who rely on clear rules of engagement. Yet out of these seemingly choreographed processes, elections have been disputed. The 2002 and the 2008 elections were historically and extremely violent and many people were killed, raped, tortured, displaced, etc. Property was destroyed and billions worth of investments were lost. From 2002 Zimbabwe has become a pariah state. The effects were felt in the economy as well as social life, in which the poor and the ordinary were the major losers. It is arguable that the global political agreement of 2009 between MDC formations and ZANU PF, and the government of national unity that followed, rescued the country from the certainty of collapsing into a failed state.

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