In August 2017, Jordan banned a law that allowed rapists to escape punishment by marrying their victims. This was hot on the heels of Tunisia that repealed this law at the end of July, while Morocco overhauled its law in 2014 and Egypt repealed its law in 1999.
This preliminary report examines some of the changes that have taken place in Zimbabwean women’s agency since 2004. It follows on from several analyses of the Afrobarometer data in recent years, all as part of the Research and Advocacy Unit (RAU) programme on active citizenship, which, with the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), has looked at youth and violence, and women’s agency. It is also part of an on-going examination of citizenship more generally being carried out by RAU and the Mass Public Opinion Institute (MPOI).Citizenship can easily be described legally under the Constitution in Zimbabwe, but the underlying meaning is not so simple. Is the meaning of citizenshiprepublican, communitarian or liberal in Zimbabwe? And how can women exert agency in a strongly patriarchal society such as Zimbabwe?