Reports

RAU 2015 Zim since the 2013 elections


This paper is a review of developments since the Harmonised elections in 2013, and builds on a previous analysis issued at the end of 20131.The 2013 elections marked the end of the Global Political Agreement (GPA) and the Inclusive Government, and a period of moderate economic stability, and a decided lessening in political violence, but a near complete failure to put in place all the reforms agreed by the political parties under the GPA. Whilst in retrospect this was not unexpected, given that the GPA was more in the nature of a peace accord rather than a genuine transitional instrument, for some the outcome was not a surprise. However, whilst some commentators were inclined to take a benevolent view of the prospects under the GPA2, others were more cynical in suggesting that reform was improbable, and that there was need for a strong concentration by civil society (and the opposition parties) for insisting on the reformation of state institutions ahead of what would be highly contested elections, and quite possibly violent elections

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Sexual Violence Against Women, Justice and the Right to Protection.


Considerable documentation is available on the Zimbabwean crisis, written by both local and international organizations, but there is very little written about the women‘s experiences, or the crisis from women‘s perspective. Women have different experiences on the crisis from men and therefore they will have different views on how it should be resolved. In 2009, the Research and Advocacy Unit (RAU) began a campaign to end politically motivated violence against women, which was kick started by a video Hear Us: Women Affected by Political Violence in Zimbabwe Speak Out. This was launched in Harare but has had a global outreach. Subsequently a petition, signed by over 1500 people, was submitted to the International Relations Department of the South African government to investigate violence against women in keeping with the articles of the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development; South Africa was the then Chair of The Southern African Development Community (SADC) as well as the SADC Facilitator on the Zimbabwean crisis

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Social Capital and Active Citizenship in Zimbabwean Youth


One of the major areas of concern about youth worldwide has been the increasing preoccupation with the changes in demography, mostly in the under-developed world, the so-called “youth bulge”. The relevance for any consideration of youth and citizenship is the evidence for the alienation of youth and their subsequent involvement in violence and crime. Urdal (2004) pointed out that, contrary to Huntington, there was no evidence for a critical threshold in youth demography above which youth violence was inevitable, but that youth bulges did increase the risk of domestic armed conflict, particularly when associated with economic stagnation. Subsequent work

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What Determines Agency in Young Zimbabwean Women


The participation of women generally in the social and political life of Zimbabwe is strongly required by the amended Constitution of the country. The Constitution, in Section 3 (Founding Principles), Section 13 (National Development), Section 17 (Gender Balance), and Section 80 (Rights of Women), makes it explicit that the state must strive for equality of men and women.
The reality, however, is different, as was so comprehensively demonstrated in the just-completed national elections. Not only was there no change from 2013 in the number of women directly elected to the National Assembly, but the number of women elected to local government seats dropped by 3%, from 16% in 2013 (RAU & IYWD. 2018 (a)). Even more

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