Elections in 2023: Has Zimbabwe passed the audit on the pre-election process?
Elections in Zimbabwe since 2000 have never passed the test of best practice. Every election has led to electoral dispute in the courts and to negative reporting by reputable election observer groups. However, the political context within each of the previous elections took place were all very different: some – 2000, 2005, & 2013 – took place after long periods where civil strife was absent, whilst others took place in a climate of economic turmoil or serious political violence (2002, 2008, & 2018). In each of these elections, the pre-election periods were very different as were the polls. However, apart from 2008, in no election was ZANU-PF not elected into government.