Tolerance in SADC: A Research Note
In the preface of the document titled “Agenda 2063: Africa We Want, “1 Dr. Nkosazana Zuma, the Chairperson of the Africa Union, asserted that the process of advancing towards the envisioned future of Africa in 2063 has commenced, and expresses optimism that the most favourable outcomes are yet ahead. She concluded, “Our journey towards 2063 has started; the best is yet to come”. According to Africa’s projections, it is anticipated that by the year 2063, the continent will have seen significant improvements, resulting in a safer and more comfortable living environment for all people. The initiation of the process towards achieving utopia is assumed to be underway. However, the extent of toxic intolerance is remarkable. Conflicts are prevalent due to the occurrence of frequent crises, displacements, migrations, divergent worldviews, and varying social orientations. Africa experiences significant challenges due to the corrosive effects of xenophobia, military coups, religious extremism, and anti-LGBTI sentiments. However, if disagreements give rise to persistent and unchangeable intolerance, it is unlikely that the Agenda will meet its aspirations by the year 2063.
This study explores two topics that are frequently excluded from diplomatic agendas: homosexuality and migration. These are two of the problematic issues that Africa must face in meeting the demands of Agenda 2063. This study examines SADC citizen’s views on tolerance including ethnicity and religion in addition to migration and homosexuality.